A spaceship called Imminency III

So, our technology today causes ideas to be spread too fast to be properly tested. Is that really so bad? Perhaps the spreading of false information causes people to make bad decisions, such as whether or not one should get vaccinated during a pandemic or which president to vote for. But does that really threaten the survival of humanity? We seemed to be getting through this pandemic and although a large number of people died, it is still a tiny fraction of the total human population. Even bad presidents are eventually voted out of office. Although the next president has a lot of things that needs fixing, humanity still goes on.

So, what is really the issue with us losing the cultural mechanism? Granted. It may not be that humanity as a whole would become extinct as a result of the loss of the cultural mechanism, but there are some very seriously unpleasant states of existence before we get to extinction.

Perhaps the most important thing that is being maintained by the cultural mechanism is civilization. What do I mean by the term civilization? Basically, it is ability to live and work together with other people. Often civilization is seen as all the accomplishments such as art works of scientific achievements. However, these accomplishment are merely the symptoms of civilization. These accomplishments would not have been possible if people did not cooperate to achieve them. A single person could not have built the rocket with the capsule to land on the moon. The bigger the achievement, the larger the number of people that needed to be involved. It implies that all these people had to work together. That is only possible thanks to their level of civilization.

People are different. They have different views and convictions. If these people want to work together, they have to tolerate one another’s views, even if those views are very different. In a culture, the views and ideas may to a large extent be correlated. However, as the population of a culture increases the diversity in ideas will also increase. Therefore, the people in that culture can only maintain their cooperation if their level of civilization – the extent to which they can tolerate different views – also increases.

Warlords

So, what happens when people do not tolerate different views anymore? Does it not simply mean that they cannot work together to achieve those accomplishments anymore? Yes, that is one inevitable consequence, but there are several much more severe things that can happen. The break down of civilization effectively implies a fragmentation of the culture into several lesser subcultures. It may sound like a scenario for civil war, but there are many other ways that the fragmentation can manifest. The fragmentation may happen along class separation lines. The lower classes would them reorganize themselves into gangs, living by stealing their resources. If the government of the day can muster enough cooperation to keep these gangs in check, some form of normality can be maintain. On the other hand, if the fragmentation implies that such cooperation cannot be maintained, the gangs would become ever more powerful. The gang leaders would eventually emerge as warlords. The point where these warlords become more powerful than the government would indicate the stage where the civilization has effectively fallen.

OK so that is bad. When civilizations fall, life as we know it changes drastically. It would generally mean that life expectancy decreases. The human population would dwindle. Although it does not necessarily imply that humanity becomes extinct, it is a close second.

But why would the fast spreading of information lead to such an apocalyptic state of affairs? The reason is that there is a concomitant breakdown in cooperation. Why this is happening, I don’t know, but there is a clear increase in animosity observable in social media. Somehow, the fast spreading of information puts pressure on basic civilization. In some parts of the world there is also an observable increase in criminal activity. These observations are all pointing to an imminent fall of civilization.

That is why the spaceship is called Imminency.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 1C7DB1746CFC72286DF097344AF23BD2.png

A spaceship called Imminency II

Granted. One day, if humanity needs to take a spaceship to another planet to survive, the knowledge of how that spaceship needs to be maintained would be a technology that humanity depends on for its survival. But what about today? Although there are a large variety of existing technologies, none of it involves the survival of humanity as a whole, right? That depends on how you define technology.

Technology

What is technology? It is the knowledge of how to use the resources at our disposal to make devices that serve specific purposes. Well, it does not have to involved physical devices. Technology can also be represented by methodology – techniques of how to do things. Often the use of specific tools requires some sophisticated knowledge.

If we see it broadly enough, almost all the knowledge that we have can to some extent be seen as some form of technology. Perhaps it would be a stretch to think of the waltz as a form of technology, but that may be the exception.

So what technology, seen in this broader sense, is vital for the survival of humanity today? Well, in this broad sense, the technology of acquiring and maintaining knowledge is in itself also a technology. In fact, the mechanism for the way humanity learns and uses knowledge can be seen as a technology. When viewed in this way, it is clear that such a technology would be something that humanity needs for its survival.

This technology has a name. It is called culture. One may think of culture as things like theater, cuisine, fashion, etc., but culture is much more than that. These things are high culture, which is just a tiny part of culture. One may think that culture is a fixed rigid thing, but that is not the case. It evolves and changes as time goes by. One may think of culture as just a collection of traditions and activities, but in fact, it is a mechanism.

Culture is the most important mechanism by which humanity maintains its survival in an ever changing world. If we lose it, we are in a serious situation. I’m not taking about “losing our cultures,” instead I’m referring to losing the mechanism of culture.

Culture is a feedback system that filters new ideas and maintains the best among them. For this to work, it is important that new ideas are tested before they are propagated through the population. This mechanism is under threat today. The rate at which ideas are propagated far outpaces the rate at which these ideas are tried and tested. The result is that false information is spread far and wide. People are responding to it with detrimental consequences. This process erodes the very mechanism of culture and thus threatens the survival of humanity.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 1C7DB1746CFC72286DF097344AF23BD2.png

A spaceship called Imminency

What would happen if there is a technology that humanity depends on for its survival and then they forget how to maintain that technology? Yes, it is a rhetorical question. But why would there be such a technology? Humanity evolved as a species that survives without the need for any special technology. Don’t they?

To illustrate a scenario where such a thing can happen, I’ll tell a story. It is a story about a situation that can happen at some point in our future.

Far into the future, the people of earth realized that life on earth is doomed. To save humanity, they built a vast spaceship and called it Imminency. Then they loaded it with all the knowledge of mankind. A large number of people entered the spaceship, taking with them all the resources they would need for a long journey through space to a different planet where they hope to establish a new home for humanity. If this mission would fail, humanity would cease to exist.

The journey would take several generations to complete. Therefore, each new generation needs to be taught how to maintain the life support systems of the spaceship.

So, here we have that scenario that I talked about at the beginning.

For a while it worked, but humans are humans. Their ideas drift. The human mind is capable of much diversity. It is inventive and resourceful. So at some point some very clever people came up with reasons why children should not be taught all this knowledge of the technology. And so it happened that, after a few more generations, the knowledge of how to maintain the technology that keeps humanity alive got lost.

Slowly, the life support systems started to fail, but nobody knew how to solve the problem. They did not understand the technology and did not know how to fix the failing systems.

I don’t like stories with bad endings so I won’t leave this one in such a condition. Fortunately, in the vast libraries that was loaded onto the spaceship at the beginning the knowledge of how these systems work and how they are to be maintained still existed. Some young people then got hold of this knowledge and they started to fix the systems.

Obviously I have some other reason for telling your this story, but I’ll leave that for another day. In the meantime, you may think about this story and what it means.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 1C7DB1746CFC72286DF097344AF23BD2.png

Humanity vs the human

The world is in the grip of a pandemic. In many ways, it tests the systems that have come into existence through the cultural development of humanity. To some extent, it may even be testing its survivability.

If humanity were still in the process of biological evolution, the outcome of the test would simply be determined by the survival-of-the-fittest criterium. But humanity has moved beyond mere biological evolution. It has developed culture.

Culture provides a mechanism that can circumvent the threats posed by the environment, even when humans are not the “fittest.” A culture can adapt much faster than the genome. The pandemic is testing the fitness of culture as a mechanism for survival.

The world consists of many different cultures. Each culture provides various systems, including those responsible for government, finance, education, health and so forth. All these systems must work together to provide the protection for the people of these cultures during times such as these.

We live in a time where the cultures of the world have started to merge. The information obtained through research and the technologies that are developed are shared among all the cultures. The benefit of cooperation is obvious. For any single culture to survive, it is necessary that all of humanity survives.

While the picture of the world in terms of cultures may give a positive view of humanity’s prospects, it does not reveal the negative side. For this picture to prevail, these cultures need to be healthy. Here lies the problem.

A culture transcends the mechanism of biological evolution in that it cares for the individual members of the culture. The golden rule “do unto others as you would have them do unto you” forms the foundation for civilization. It allows people to live and work together to enable the development of culture and to achieve the great works that are associated with it.

At some point, it was decided that the golden rule is not enough. Individuals need more protection. So people introduced the notion of “human rights” and even call them “fundamental.” The idea makes sense, but begs the question of a culture that is at least moderately civilized. Within the context of the golden rule the concept of human rights can work.

But the world contains many communities where the cultural development is either lacking or has decayed to the point where the golden rule is not part of culture. In such situations, human rights provides a platform from which a community can be terrorized. The individual is elevated above the community. The result is a general breakdown of culture and a return to the survival of the fittest scenario.

Examples of this breakdown becomes prevalent. People oppose the attempts of governments to contain the spread of the virus. In some cases, these situations become violent. It threatens the culture’s ability to protect.

Human rights have a place in culture, but it must be placed in balance with the protection of the community. The individual human is not more important than all of humanity. How this balance should work and be implemented is not clear to me at the moment. But I’m sure the thinkers of our time can come up with some ingenious ideas.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 1C7DB1746CFC72286DF097344AF23BD2.png

Take on me

Early in the morning I would wake up and the first thing I do is to turn on the radio. Depending how early I woke up, I could be lying there listening to the music for up to an hour before getting ready to go to work. So, one morning not too long ago I heard this cover of Take on me, the 80’s song by A-ha. And I like it.

The original

So I was thinking would I have liked it as much as I did if it did not know the original. I like the original song, but I don’t mind the covers. And boy oh boy are there covers of Take on me.

I took to the internet to try and find out who is singing this cover. No success. There are just too many. Some are better than others, but I like most of them. Why?

One of the covers

Does it not spoil the original to have all these covers of the amazing song? No, I don’t think so. See, that’s how culture works. It is all about being human and remembering things and making connections. The connections evoke some sense of beauty in us. It is a way our instinctive nature rewards us for recognizing something, because by being able to recognize things we enhance are ability to survive. OK maybe it is a bit more sophisticated than that. It is probably not very romantic to think of it in terms of the cogs and ratchets anyway.

Doesn’t matter. It’s all about the emotions. Songs are good at communicating emotions. When these songs are so strong that they lead to covers, then their ability to convey emotions are that much stronger.

While I’m lying in my bed early in the morning and I’m hearing that song, I feel a connection with all those emotions. It make feel happy and ready to face the world.